The Rocky Mountains, which stretch from Alaska, down through Canada and into northern New Mexico, are truly one of the most beautiful wonders of the natural world. The entire mountain range covers over 3,000 miles total.
This majestic range was formed within the time period between 80 and 55 million years ago. This time period is known as the laramide orogency. This term describes the forces and accompanied changes that occurred to the area of the Rockies as the earth’s crust shifted from moving, tectonic plates.Since their formation, rivers and glaciers have altered eroded the formations of the mountains as we see them today and they are constantly changing. The first to dwell within these mountains were a wide range of Native American tribes, including the Blackfoot, Cheyenne and Sioux. These magnificent peaks eluded European settlers for hundreds of years.
There are now four-day Colorado Rockies Escape trips available through America by Rail. The famous Lewis and Clark Expedition was the first trek of the range in which visitors collected scientific information. This journey was said to make the way for all future European mountaineers. Thousands of visitors then poured through the range on the Oregon Trail, which began in 1842.
The first railroad to be completed in the early years of the United States was the transcontinental railroad, which was completed in 1869. National Parks were established and shortly afterward, the Great Northern Railway was established. Since then, thousands of passengers have had the opportunity to these massive, natural wonders. Today, rail excursions have maintained considerable popularity. Luxurious train tours are available nationwide, including tours of the Rockies and Western United States.